Konsep Elastisitas

 

Elastisitas harga adalah ukuran tingkat kepekaan jumlah permintaan atau penawaran akibat perubahan harga.

Rumus Elastisitas Permintaan dan Penawaran adalah sama, yaitu:

elatisitas

 

ΔQ = perubahan jumlah permintaan (Q2-Q1)

ΔP = perubahan harga (P2-P1)

Q = Q1 = jumah permintaan pada saat P1

P = P1 = harga pertama

Ed = Koefisien Elastisitas

 

Jenis Elastisitas :

– Elastis, jika Ed > 1

– Inelastis, jika Ed < 1

– Unitary Elastis, jika Ed = 1

– Elastis Sempurna, jika Ed = ~

 

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– Inelastis Sempurna, jika Ed = 0

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